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Government offices in Bankura District


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Government Offices in Bankura District


HISTORY

The earliest signs of human habitation in the area was at Dihar. By about 1000 BC chalcolithic people had settled on the north bank of the Dwarakeswar. In later pre-historic times this area was inhabited by various Proto-Australoid and a few Proto-Dravidian tribes. The tribes were spread across different strata of development – food-gathering, hunting, animal-raring and agriculture. Bankura district was part of Rarh in ancient times. From around 7th century AD till around the advent of British rule, for around a millennium, history of Bankura district is identical with the rise and fall of the Hindu Rajas of Bishnupur. Romesh Chunder Dutt wrote in the late 19th century, “The ancient Rajas of Bishnupur trace back their history to a time when Hindus were still reigning in Delhi, and the name of the Musalmans was not yet heard in India. Indeed, they could already count five centuries of rule over the western frontier tracts of Bengal before Bakhtiyar Khilji wrested the province from the Hindus. The Musalman conquest of Bengal, however, made no difference to the Bishnupur princes… these jungle kings were little known to the Musalman rulers of the fertile portions of Bengal, and were never interfered with. For long centuries, therefore, the kings of Bishnupur were supreme within their extensive territories. At a later period of Musalman rule, and when the Mughal power extended and consolidated itself on all sides, a Mughal army sometimes made its appearance near Bishnupur with claims of tribute, and tribute was probably sometimes paid. Nevertheless, the Subahdars of Murshidabad, never had that firm hold over the Rajas of Bishnupur which they had over the closer and more recent Rajaships of Burdwan and Birbhum. As the Burdwan Raj grew in power, the Bishnupur family fell into decay; Maharaja Kirti Chand of Burdwan attacked and added to his zamindari large slices of his neighbour’s territories. The Marathas completed the ruin of the Bishnupur house, which is an impoverished zamindari in the present day.” The area around Bishnupur was called Mallabhum The core area would cover present day Bankura police station area (excluding Chhatna), Onda, Bishnupur, Kotulpur and Indas. In olden days the term was used for a much larger area, which probably was the furthest extent of the Bishnupur kingdom. In the north it stretched from Damin-i-koh in Santhal Parganas to Midnapore in the south. It included the eastern part of Bardhaman and parts of Chota Nagpur in the west. Portions of the district appear to have been originally the homes of aboriginal tribes, who were gradually subdued. The Khatra region was Dhalbhum, the Raipur region was Tungbhum, and the Chhatna region was Samantabhum. They were eventually overshadowed by the Malla kings of Bishnupur. There also are references in old scripts to Varahabhumi or Varabhumi (present day Barabhum) on whose borders run Darikesi river, and Sekhara mountain (probably present day Pareshnath). Adi Malla was the founder of the Malla dynasty. Adi Malla ruled in Laugram for 33 years and has been known as the Bagdi Raja. He was succeeded by his son, Jay Malla, who invaded Padampur and captured the fort, then the power-centre. Jay Malla extended his domains and shifted his capital to Bishnupur. The subsequent kings steadily extended their kingdom. Among the more renowned are: Kalu Malla, the fourth in line, Kau Malla, the sixth in line, Jhau Malla, the seventh in line, and Sur Malla, the eighth in line, who defeated the Raja of Bagri, a place now in northern Midnapore. He was followed by 40 other kings, all of whom were known as Mallas or Mallabaninath, which means lords of Mallabhum or Mallabani. Family records show that they were independent of foreign powers. Bir Hambir, the 49th ruler of the Malla dynasty who flourished around 1586 AD and ruled in 16th-17th century, was a contemporary of the Mughal emperor Akbar. Bir Hambir was both powerful and pious. He was converted to Vaishnavism by Srinivasa. There is mention in two Vaishnava works, Prem-vilasa of Nityananda Das (alias Balaram Das) and Bhakti Ratnakara of Narahari Chakrabarti, about Srinivasa and other bhaktas (devotees) being robbed by Bir Hambir, when they were travelling from Vrindavan to Gaur with a number of Vaishanava manuscripts. However, Bir Hambir was so moved by Srinivasa’s reading of Bhagavata that he converted to Vaishnavism and gave Srinivasa a rich endowment of land and money. He introduced the worship of Madan Mohan in Bishnupur. Raghunath Singh, who followed Bir Hambir, was the first Bishnupur Raja to use the Kshatriya title Singh. It is said that he was conferred upon with this title by the Nawab of Murshidabad. Bishnupur kingdom had entered its golden age. With exquisite palaces and temples built during the period that followed Bishnupur was reputed to be the most renowned city in the world, more beautiful than the house of Indra in heaven. However, it has also been recorded that while these royal patrons of Hindu art and religion were busy building temples they had lost much of their independence and sunk to the position of tributary princes. Raghunath Singh built the temples of Shyam Rai, Jor Bangla and Kalachand between 1643 and 1656. Bir Singh built the present fort, the temple of Lalji in 1658, and seven big lakes named Lalbandh, Krishnabandh, Gantatbandh, Jamunabandh, Kalindibandh, Shyambandh and Pokabandh. His queen, Siromani or Chudamani, built the temples of Madan Mohan and Murali Mohan in 1665. He walled up alive all his sons, eighteen in number. The youngest, Durjan, alone escaped, having been kept in hiding by the servants. Durjan Singh built the Madan Mohan temple in 1694. According to family records, the kings of Bishnupur continued to pay tribute to the Muslim rulers but they were free to do things internally. There was no interference by the Muslim rulers in the internal affairs of Bishnupur. This is also confirmed by Muslim historians. The status of the Raja of Bishnupur was that of a tributary prince, exempted from personal attendance at the court at Murshidabad, and represented there by a resident. The Bishnupur Rajas who were at the summit of their fortunes towards the end of the 17th century, started declining in the first half of the 18th century. First, the Maharaja of Burdwan seized the Fatehpur Mahal, and then the Maratha invasions laid waste their country. Gopal Singh (1730–1745) was a pious king but was not fit to cope with the difficulties that faced his kingdom. He issued an edict that people of Mallabhum should count their beads and chant Harinam (name of God) every evening at sunset. While they failed to take the fort and pillage the treasury, the Marathas harried the less protected parts of the kingdom. The Maratha chief, Sheobhat, made Bishnupur his headquarters in 1760 during the invasion of Shah Alam. The Marathas fell with their heaviest weight on border principalities such as Bishnupur and Birbhum. Exactions of a hundred sorts reduced the once powerful kingdom to poverty. The tenants fled and the country became desolate. Chaitanya Singh was another pious ruler unfit to face the difficulties. As he was too involved in religious matters he did not have time for administrative matters. He faced internal feuds. Damodar Singh, a cousin of his, tried to gain power. He was able to convince the court at Murshidabad about his capabilities. Initially, Siraj ud-Daulah lent him forces but he was unable to capture Bishnupur. Later, after the British defeated Siraj, Mir Jafar lent him stronger forces. He succeeded in taking Bishnupur, and Chaitanya Singh escaped to Kolkata with the idol of Madan Gopal, but the British restored the latter to power. However, intrigue and litigation continued for many years. Litigation ruined the Bishnupur Raj family and eventually in 1806, the estate was sold for arrears of land revenue and bought up by the Maharaja of Burdwan. Bishnupur was ceded to the British with the rest of Burdwan chakla in 1760. The Marathas had laid the country waste and famine of 1770 completed the misery of the kingdom. A large section of the population was swept away, cultivation fell, and lawlessness spread. The once powerful king had been reduced to the status of a mere zamindar. In 1787, Bishnupur was united with Birbhum to form a separate administrative unit, the headquarters was shifted to Suri, and a rebellious situation prevailed. The situation was so bad that the people of Bishnupur came to be known as Chuars or robbers. Bankura continued to be one district with Birbhum till 1793, when it was transferred to the Burdwan collectorate. In 1879, the district acquired its present shape with the thanas of Khatra and Raipur and the outpost of Simplapal being transferred from Manbhum, and the thanas of Sonamukhi, Kotulpur and Indas being retransferred from Burdwan. However, it was known for sometime as West Burdwan and in 1881 came to be known as Bankura district. Courtesy: WIKIPEDIA



Location

Bankura District Bankura is located in the western part of the State of West Bengal. It is a part of Bardhaman Division of the State and included in the area known as “Rarh” in Bengal. It ranks 4th according to Population and literacy rate of 2001 Census in the State. The District Bankura is bounded by latitude 22038’ N and longitude 86036’ E to 87047’ E. River Demodar flows along the northern boundary of the district. The adjacent districts are Bardhaman in the north, Purulia in th west and Paschim Medinapure in the south. The Survey of India (SOI) toposheets covering the districts are 73I, 73J, 73M and 73N.



Sub-Divisional Officers

Name Designation Mobile No

M Chakraborty, WBCS (Exe.) Sub-Divisional Officer, Khatra 9475900020

Susanta Kumar Bhakta, WBCS (Exe.) Sub-Divisional Officer, Bankura 9475900018

Shri Anup Kumar Dutta, WBCS (Exe.) Sub-Divisional Officer, Bishnupur 9434081001


District Level Officers

Name Designation Mobile No

Shri Kalipada Singh, WBCS (Exe.) Project Officer-cum-DWO, BCW, Bankura 8373052806

Shri Subhadip Das, WBCS (Exe.)DM & DC & Spl. LAO, (in-charge), Bankura 9475900030

Shri Tapanjyoti Biswas, WBCS (Exe.) DM & DC, Bankura 9475900043

Shri Debabrata Jana, WBCS (Exe.) DM & DC, Bankura Sadar 9475900068

Shri Jiban Krishna Biswas, WBCS (Exe.) DM & DC, (Deputed at Bankura), DNO, MGNREGS, Bankura 9475900012

Smt. Sushmita Subba, WBCS (Exe.) DM & DC, Bankura 9475900021

Shri Pradyut Kumar Palui, WBCS (Exe.) DM & DC, Bankura 9475900036

Ms. Piyali Mondal, WBCS (Exe.) DM & DC, Bankura 9475900046

Md. Kauser Ali, WBCS (Exe.) District Officer, SHG&SE, Bankura 9475900024

Shri Madhu Sudan Mondal, WBCS (Exe.)DPLO, Bankura 9475900027

Shri Sanjay Biswas, WBCS (Exe.) Dy. Secretary, Zilla Parishad, Bankura 9475900040

Smt. Bulbul Basu, WBCS (Exe.) District Youth Officer, Bankura 9475900032

Shri Bimalendu Das, WBCS (Exe.) District Panchayat & Rural Development Officer, Bankura 9475900026

Shri Santiram Gorai, WBCS (Exe.) District Manager,WB SCs/STs &OBC Dev. & F.C.,Bankura & PD, DRDC, (in-Charge), Bankura9475900016

Shri Anup Kumar Roy, WBCS (Exe.) Secretary,Bankura Zilla Parishad 9475900023

Shri Ranjan Sardar, WBCS (Exe.) DM & DC,(On Probation) 9038555390

Shri Sishutosh Pramanik, WBCS (Exe.) DM & DC,(On Probation) 9475900039

Shri Manas Kumar Giri, WBCS (Exe.) DM & DC,(On Probation) 7319374397

Shri Uday Sankar Maity, WBCS (Exe.) DM & DC,(On Probation) 9775069493

Shri Pijush Kanti Bhattacharya, WBCS (Exe.) Spl. LAO (designated), & Dy. DL&LRO, (in-charge), Bankura 9434854668


Block Development Officers

Name Designation Mobile No

Shri Manish Nandy, WBCS (Exe.) Block Development Officer, Indpur 8348942366

Shri Sanjib Das, WBCS (Exe.) Block Development Officer, Raipur 9475900069

Shri Rathindranath Adhikari, WBCS (Exe.) Block Development Officer , Simlapal 9434754708

Shri Subhadeep Palit, WBCS (Exe.) Block Development Officer , Ranibandh 8373052842

Shri Sourav Mazumder, WBCS (Exe.) Block Development Officer, Taldangra 9073938593

Shri Alamgir Hossain, WBCS (Exe.) Block Development Officer , Hirbandh 8373052839

Shri Sanglap Banerjee, WBCS (Exe.) Block Development Officer, Sarenga 7076200629

Shri Sanjay Sanapati, WBCS (Exe.) Block Development Officer , Khatra 8373052840

Smt. Develeena Sardar, WBCS (Exe.) Block Development Officer , Sonamukhi 9475900080

Shri Manasi Bhadra Chakrabati, WBCS (Exe.) Block Development Officer , Indas 9475900083



Shri Krishnendu Ghosh, WBCS (Exe.) Block Development Officer, Kotalpur 9475900076

Shri Bittu Bhowmik, WBCS (Exe.) Block Development Officer,Joypur 9475900075

Shri Prosanna Mukherjee, WBCS (Exe.) Block Development Officer ,Patrasayer 9475900082

Shri Snehasis Dutta, WBCS (Exe.) Block Development Officer , Bishnupur 9434754746

Shri Susanta Kumar Basu, WBCS (Exe.) Block Development Officer,G.Ghati. 9475900060

Shri Bimal Kumar Sharma, WBCS (Exe.) Block Development Officer , Onda 9475900064

Shri Goutam Sanyal, WBCS (Exe.) Block Development Officer , Saltora 9434755354

Shri Bhaskar Ray, WBCS (Exe.) Block Development Officer, Barjora 9475900063

Shri Aniruddha Banerjee,WBCS (Exe.) Block Development Officer , Mejhia 9475900062

Smt. Saswati Das, WBCS (Exe.) Block Development Officer ,Chhatna 9475900059



Disaster Management

Bankura though being a rain fed district, it is widely known as the drought prone district of the State. Drought is a regular feature in the North-West part of the district covering Chhatna, Saltora, Gangajalghati, Barjora, Bankura-I, Bankura-II, Mejia, Indpur, Hirbandh & Ranibandh Blocks. Though this district receives good amount of rainfall, around 1400 mm. annually, is received per year yet cultivation and production of crop primarily depends on constricted period of erratic rainfall. About 80% to 90% rainfall is generally received by the district from June to September depending on the onset of monsoon. A conspicuous feature of this district is the absence of significant rainfall in the month of September and October. High runoff rate of rain water, inadequate storage facilities of the surface – runoff and low water holding capacity of the soil accelerate the drought situation. High run off because of undulating terrain and lack of proper water-harvesting & micro watershed developments makes situation more pre-carious. After the arrival of monsoon the district registers many cases of flash-flood and inundation of many low-lying areas of the district like a part of Mejia, Barjora, Patrasayar, Kotulpur, Indus, Sonamukhi, Raipur, Sarenga Blocks adjoining the major rivers & tributaries flowing through the district like Damodar, Dwarakeswar, Kangsabati, Shali and others. There is no drainage problem in the district due to its undulating topography, yet the incidence of flood is not uncommon, due to siltation of rivers resulting in overflowing in case of heavy rain. However, heavy rainfall in the district & in the upper catchment areas of Damodar River, coupled with breaches of river embankments and release of excess water from Kangsabati and D.V.C Irrigation Project inundate Khariff Cropped areas in different parts of the district specially, in the Bishnupur Sub-division. That results in loss of crops, damage of houses and other properties. Flood or flood like situation has attributed a new dimension to soil erosion by formation of “GULLY” due to tendency of the river (specially Shali at Sonamukhi & at Patrasayer block) to change its course of direction. This problem may interfere with the livelihood and habitat of the people, in the downstream areas in a severe manner in future. Apart from drought and flood, hail storm, thunderstorm, Road accident etc. are also of common occurrence in this district, although the extents of damage in these cases are not as expensive as it caused by draught or flood. The depredation caused by wild elephant is a common phenomenon in the district of Bankura. In the present scenario, elephant depredation in few places of this District causing a great deal of loss of life and properties. With a view to mitigate the problems through adequate well-in-advance preparedness, this action plan is drawn to boost the management works in course of relief and rescue operation. Well-in-advance preparedness with definite chain of command would certainly shorten the reaction time at the time of disasters and invariably mitigate the colossal damage by drought, flood and other such devastating natural catastrophic as well as other disasters.


PIN codes are given to all Delivery Post Offices under Bankura Postal Division.


Sl.No. Post Office Name PIN Code

1. Akui 722201

2. Barjora 722202

3. Bankadaha 722164

4. Beliatore 722203

5. Bishnupur 722122

6. Bheduasole 722121

7. Bonradhanagar 722157

8. Fulkusma 722162

9. Gelia 722154

10. G. Ghati 722133

11. Gorabari 722135

12. G. Raipur 722134

13. Indpur 722136

14. Hatasuria 722204

15. Indus 722205

16. Joypur 722178

17. Jhantipahari 722137

18. Joyrambati 722161

19. Jorda 722173

20. Kenduadihi 722102

21. Kesiakole 722155

22. Khatra 722140

23. Kotalpur 722141

24. Chhatna 722132

25. L. Sagar 722160

26. Maliara 722142

27. Mejia 722143

28. MTPS 722183

29. Patrasayer 722206

30. Onda 722144

31. Panchmura 722156

32. Rajagram 722146

33. Kenjakura 722139

34. Ramsagar 722147

35. Ranibandh 722148

36. Sabrakone 722149

37. Simlapal 722151

38. Sarenga 722150

39. Sonamukhi 722207

40. Saltora 722158

41. Taldangra 722152

42. Tiluri 722153

43. Pakhanna 722208

44. Bankura H.O. 722101


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